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Author published in"Chest" affiliate to

College of Medicine

Pei-Ying Lin

Big Data Research Center, 

Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan

Article published in 

"Chest" 2020 Sep;158(3):973-985


Mortality of cardiovascular events in COPD patients with preceding hospitalized acute exacerbation

Background

Acute exacerbation (AE) of COPD may be accompanied by the deterioration of cardiovascular comorbidities, as evidenced by the increased incidence of acute cardiovascular events.

Research Question

The goal of this study was to determine whether preceding AE might be associated with mortality of cardiovascular events.

Study Design and Methods

Using a health insurance research database in Taiwan, patients with COPD were identified who experienced first-time acute myocardial infarction (AMI; n = 26,442), ischemic stroke (n = 54,959), and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH; n = 14,893) over a 13-year period. In each cohort, 4,356, 6,655, and 1,727 patients, respectively, had been hospitalized for AE within the previous year prior to the index cardiovascular events, and patients with COPD but without hospitalization for AEs constituted the control subjects. ORs of 90-day mortality and hazard ratios (HRs) of overall mortality during follow-up in relation to hospitalization for an AE and the frequency of hospitalization for AEs (ie, 1 and ≥ 2 hospitalizations for AEs) were estimated with adjustment for potential confounders.

Results

Hospitalization for an AE was independently associated with 90-day mortality of AMI (OR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.24-1.43), ischemic stroke (OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.36-1.56), and ICH (OR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.06-1.32). Hospitalization for an AE was associated with overall mortality of AMI (HR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.19-1.27), ischemic stroke (HR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.26-1.33), and ICH (HR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.13-1.26). In addition, compared with control subjects, patients with more frequent hospitalizations for AEs exhibited significant trends at higher risk of 90-day and overall mortality of AMI, ischemic stroke, and ICH. Finally, these results were consistent with propensity score matching-based estimates.[Full article]

Figure1

Key Words: acute exacerbation acute myocardial infarction AMI COPD ICH intracranial hemorrhage ischemic stroke

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